Ambae Island, Vanuatu - John Seach
Penama Province


(Volcano also known as Manaro, Aoba, Omba, Lombenben)

Ambae is an ellipsoid shield volcano in northern Vanuatu. The island forms the upper part of the most voluminous volcano in Vanuatu. Ambae volcano rises 3900 m above the ocean floor and has a volume of 2500 cubic km.

Ambae is atypical because it has a significant volume of pyroclastic products compared to other basaltic shield volcanoes. In May 2006 lake Vui turned red.

Three summit crater lakes at Ambae volcano:
Lake Manaro Ngoru - 300 m diameter.
Lake Vui (Voui) - 2.1 km diameter.
Lake Manaro Lakua - 1.3 km diameter.

2017 Activity
Activity increased at Ambae volcano on 23 September 2017. Ash emissions occurred from the summit. The alert level was raised to 4 (out of a maximum 5). Preparations were being made to evacuate up to 5000 people. On 25th September a summit eruption was reported at Ambae volcano. A new cinder cone formed in the summit lake, and a lava pond was visible. This is the first time a lava pond has been observed at Ambae volcano.

Eruptions 2017, 2005, 1995 (lake degassing), 1914 (earthquake), 1870, 1670, 1575. Summit eruptions occurred at Ambae volcano in December 2005. People living in the north to the western side of the island reported smelling sulphuric fumes after an earthquake on February 16, 2005.

There was an increase in water temperature at Ambae Volcano in 2000. Phreatic Eruptions occurred at Vui Crater Lake, Ambae in 1995

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